The history of Ruqyah in the time of the Prophet, is it still the same today?
Ilustrasi Ruqyah jaman dahulu | Foto : Media Cirebon 

Ruqyah Cirebon - Maybe you don't know, Ruqyah is said to have been done since the time before the Prophet. So, ruqyah is not a typical Islamic tradition.

Ibnul Manzur noted in the Arabic Lisanul various derivations and meanings of the word ruqyah. Literally, it means al-'audzah or 'asking for protection'.

The interesting thing is that this 'treatment', which is called ruqyah, was forbidden by the Prophet.

This prohibition is suspected to be a pre-Islamic Arab mystical tradition that is thick with mystique, worship of the spirit, and many things that are not in accordance with the teachings of Islam which were only widely adopted at that time.

In a narration from a friend of Auf bin Malik, listed in Sahih Muslim and Sunan Abu Dawud, a friend asked the Prophet that their people had been doing ruqyah since before Islam came.

At first the Prophet stated that ruqyah was forbidden. Many narrations state that ruqyah, amulets, and recitation of tiwalah are part of shirk.

“إِنَّ الرُّقَى، التَّمَائِمَ، التِّوَلَةَ …”

Which means: Verily ruqyah , amulets, and tiwalah (aji of mercy) are shirk (HR. Abu Dawud)

The editor of a more complete story in Sunan Abu Dawud mentions that the hadith was discussed when there was a discussion between two friends.

One time one of them claimed to be sick, then a Jew was ruqyah and felt better.

Another friend reminded him that ruqyah was thick with shirk. A Muslim should read a prayer against disease as taught by the Prophet alone.

But apparently, the Prophet allowed ruqyah because it is a tradition that has existed for a long time. The Prophet allowed it in the aspect of being stung by a scorpion, biting a snake, or sick of 'ain.

The history of Jabir bin Abdillah mentions that once a scorpion was bitten by a scorpion of a family friend of Amr bin Hazm's friend.

Then they reported to the Prophet , "O Prophet , we know that we used to do ruqyah for people who were stung by animals in the Jahiliyah period, but you never forbade it. What do you think, O Prophet ?"

The Prophet replied, "I do not see any problem in the implementation of ruqyah , whoever can benefit his brother should do ruqyah ."

As the era rolls on and the spread of Islamic da'wah , the practice of ruqyah has more and more variants in society according to their respective religious and cultural tendencies.

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